See also:
» 21.10.2010 - Kenyan pupils find teachers in laptops
» 11.10.2010 - Most Kenyans say no to cleaner energy
» 09.03.2010 - Kenya farmers get low-tech micro-insurance
» 09.12.2009 - Kenya goes digital
» 27.10.2009 - Kenya leads Africa rural connect in third round
» 17.09.2008 - Telkom Kenya joins stiff mobile phone market
» 16.11.2007 - Kenya to increase milk production
» 15.05.2007 - Kenya hosts pan-African ICT conference











China wholesale online through DHgate.com


Finn autentiske matoppskrifter fra hele verden på Verdensmat.no:
Gazpacho Børek Kartoffelsalat Taboulé Gulasj Albóndigas Cevapi Rougaille Japrak sarma Zwiebelbrot Klopse Giouvetsi Paella Pljeskavica Pica pau Pulpo a la gallega Flammkuchen Langosj Tapenade Chatsjapuri Pasulj Lassi Kartoffelpuffer Tortilla Raznjici Knödel Lentejas Bœuf bourguignon Korianderchutney Brenneslesuppe Proia Sæbsi kavurma Sardinske calamares


Autentiske matoppskrifter fra hele verden finner du på Verdensmat.no:
Réunion Portugal Aserbajdsjan Serbia Tyskland Seychellene Bosnia Spania Libanon Belgia India Kroatia Hellas Italia Ungarn Komorene Georgia Mauritius Østerrike Romania Frankrike


Kenya
Technology | Agriculture - Nutrition | Health

E-payment for a cup of water in Kenya

A solar pump provides water for locals in Kenya's Kambi ya Juu village

© Grundfos/afrol News
afrol News, 22 October
- In a rural district grossly neglected by Kenyan authorities, private actors have introduced groundbreaking technology to provide basic services. E-payment, microfinance and solar energy secure safe water for villagers.

Water supply to the village Kambi ya Juu, outside Isiolo in central Kenya 285 kilometres north of Nairobi, ended ten years ago. City authorities in Isiolo, faced with a strongly growing urban population, chose to use the scarce water resources within Isiolo and simply cut off the water to smaller villages surrounding the city.

The Kenyan government, district or city authorities had no plans to secure clean water to the outlying villages, despite the existence of distribution channels. Villagers were left to fetch their water in the bush, hours of walking away.

"The water isn't clean. The people who live up the hill wash both themselves and their clothes in the brook. If we are not careful to boil the water, we will get sick," says Ann Akopi from Kambi ya Juu.

In this arid part of Kenya, lack of access to clean water and the traditional rivalry between pastoral and agricultural ethnicities led to deadly clashes only last year, with 20 dead and least 1,700 families displaced in villages near Isiolo town, including Kambi ya Juu. "Tensions over water and pasture during a drought" led to the rioting, according to UN sources.

The Kenyan Red Cross Society (KRCS) provided first-aid services to the victims of the clashes, but foresaw that the deep-rooted government neglect of this rural arid region could lead to even worse conflicts at any time. The KRCS therefore asked its international partners for help to remove the root causes of the conflict.

They found a partner in their Danish sister organisation, which in turn was working with the Danish company Grundfos, a world leading producer of water pumps, which had presented its "Lifelink system" to the Danish Red Cross (DRK). The Lifelink system mainly consists of a water pump driven by solar energy.

The idea of how to provide cheap water over a long-term period actually was conceived by workers at Grundfos, who also agreed to finance parts of the project out of their own pockets.

Starting in Kambi ya Juu, the project consists of installing the solar driven water pumps in the villages, combining them with payment systems over the mobile phone network using microfinance systems. When the villagers need water, "they pay for it via their mobile phones. They only pay for the water they use," according to Grundfos.

The solar well in Kambi ya Juu will be inaugurated next week, as the first of ten in the Isiolo district. The first pump is to provide around 3,000 people with safe water, while the entire project targets

During the 2009 drought, the Kenyan Red Cross assisted rural communities

© KRC/afrol News
up to 16,000 people.

Due to long-term drifting costs, a totally free provision of water to the villagers - who in some cases are totally deprived internally displaced persons - was never considered. afrol News tried to raise the ethical debate around charging money for basic services from impoverished societies with DRK spokesman Hans Beck Gregersen, but he declined to comment.

But the price of water is kept as low as possible. "The price for 20 litres of clean water is 2 shilling - or less than euro 0.02," Frank Winther told afrol News. This is competitive, compared to public and private water utilities in Kenya.

"The price only covers the actual running costs," assures Mr Winther. The running costs mainly include maintenance and the works of a local water committee running each pump system.

In each village, the local community appoints a water committee among future users, which is given training to take over the responsibility of drifting and maintaining the water system. The committee also is to teach villagers "to change behaviour regarding hygienic standards," according to Carsten Mahnfeldt from the DRK.

The water committee may look forward to sustainable revenue levels to finance its works and the well's maintenance. "By experience we know that 2,500 inhabitants use approximately 10,000 litres per day or 4 litre per person per day," says Mr Winther. That should produce annual revenues of around KSh 365,000 (euro 3,250) in Kambi ya Juu.

The Grundfos spokesman assures afrol News there are no hidden costs for villagers or hidden revenues for the Danish company. "The installation of for example pump, solar-panel and the building of the unit on-site is donated by workers from Grundfos," he says. He adds that, "to our knowledge," there are also no major costs by using the mobile phone payment application for villagers.

Barasa Mabonga, a representative from the Kenyan Red Cross, says the solution more than lives up to the expectations they had when looking for a viable solution to the water crisis in the Isiolo district. "It is no doubt the best system, I have ever seen," Mr Mabonga comments ahead of Tuesday's inauguration ceremony in Kambi ya Juu.

Also the Danish Red Cross is satisfied with the project, and has committed to assist the installation of the system in "at least" nine more Kenyan localities by 2012. "Thereafter, possible next steps regarding implementation of further water projects in new regions will be decided," the DRK announced today.


- Create an e-mail alert for Kenya news
- Create an e-mail alert for Technology news
- Create an e-mail alert for Agriculture - Nutrition news
- Create an e-mail alert for Health news


 
    Printable version


On the Afrol News front page now

Rwanda
Rwanda succeeds including citizens in formal financial sector

afrol News - It is called "financial inclusion", and it is a key government policy in Rwanda. The goal is that, by 2020, 90 percent of the population is to have and actively use bank accounts. And in only four years, financial inclusion has doubled in Rwanda.

Famine warning: "South Sudan is imploding"

afrol News - The UN's humanitarian agencies now warn about a devastating famine in Sudan and especially in South Sudan, where the situation is said to be "imploding". Relief officials are appealing to donors to urgently fund life-saving activities in the two countries.
Guinea
Panic in West Africa after Ebola outbreak in Guinea

afrol News - Fear is spreading all over West Africa after the health ministry in Guinea confirmed the first Ebola outbreak in this part of Africa. According to official numbers, at least 86 are infected and 59 are dead as a result of this very contagious disease.
Ethiopia
Ethiopia tightens its already strict anti-gay laws

afrol News - It is already a crime being homosexual in Ethiopia, but parliament is now making sure the anti-gay laws will be applied in practical life. No pardoning of gays will be allowed in future, but activist fear this only is a signal of further repression being prepared.
Ethiopia
Ethiopia plans Africa's biggest dam

afrol News / Africa Renewal - Ethiopia's ambitious plan to build a US$ 4.2 billion dam in the Benishangul-Gumuz region, 40 km from its border with Sudan, is expected to provide 6,000 megawatts of electricity, enough for its population plus some excess it can sell to neighbouring countries.



front page | news | countries | archive | currencies | news alerts login | about afrol News | contact | advertise | español 

©  afrol News. Reproducing or buying afrol News' articles.

   You can contact us at mail@afrol.com