See also:
» 03.03.2011 - Comoran island Mayotte is now a French department
» 07.10.2010 - Indian Ocean tourism cooperation limping
» 29.09.2010 - Piracy forces Comoros into French military coop
» 31.03.2010 - Comorans angry as Mayotte remains French
» 09.12.2008 - Comoros rights groups want Mayotte talks stopped
» 11.11.2008 - Comoros loudly protests Mayotte referendum
» 22.07.2005 - Indian Ocean nations intensify cooperation
» 08.03.2005 - Mayotte island (Comoros) deepens French dependence











China wholesale online through DHgate.com


Finn autentiske matoppskrifter fra hele verden på Verdensmat.no:
Gazpacho Børek Kartoffelsalat Taboulé Gulasj Albóndigas Cevapi Rougaille Japrak sarma Zwiebelbrot Klopse Giouvetsi Paella Pljeskavica Pica pau Pulpo a la gallega Flammkuchen Langosj Tapenade Chatsjapuri Pasulj Lassi Kartoffelpuffer Tortilla Raznjici Knödel Lentejas Bœuf bourguignon Korianderchutney Brenneslesuppe Proia Sæbsi kavurma Sardinske calamares


Autentiske matoppskrifter fra hele verden finner du på Verdensmat.no:
Réunion Portugal Aserbajdsjan Serbia Tyskland Seychellene Bosnia Spania Libanon Belgia India Kroatia Hellas Italia Ungarn Komorene Georgia Mauritius Østerrike Romania Frankrike


Mayotte
© Flickr/afrol News
Réunion and Mayotte | Comoros
Politics | Society

Mayotte issue to split or join Comoros, France

afrol News, 9 December - Despite heavy protests from Comoros, the Comoran island Mayotte soon will become a department and an integrated part of France. The move could further divide France and Comoros, or bring them closer together.

The 185,000 inhabitants of Mayotte in a 2008 referendum voted strongly in favour of integrating their Comoran island deeper into France, becoming an ordinary department and getting full citizen rights. The French parliament recently approved of the "départementalisation" of Mayotte.

Outgoing Comoran President Ahmed Abdallah Sambi used the November Europe-Africa summit in Tripoli and recent UN summits to protest this process. He asked the European Union (EU) to pressurise France to implement his "one country, two governments" plan, which would see a shared French-Comoran authority over Mayotte.

President Sambi at the Tripoli summit emphasised on the "large human sacrifice" resulting from the French rule over Mayotte, especially due to the large influx of Comoran and East African migrants trying to reach the relatively rich French administered island.

According to President Sambi, this irregular migration had already claimed the lives of over 7,000 Comorans. Most migrants try to reach Mayotte in fragile "kwassa kwassa" boats, not made for the 115 kilometres crossing from the Comoran island of Anjouan.

The illegal immigration to Mayotte, where residents have a right to a French passport and French social services, is indeed the most pressing issue for the Paris government regarding the island.

According to a recent report by French Senator Isabelle Debré, "the part of irregular immigrants among the population [in Mayotte] is situated between 35 and 48 percent." Most stem from other Comoran islands, but some come from as far away as East and Central Africa.

The report by Ms Debré is very revealing when it comes to the scale of the problem created by the wide gap in living standards between Mayotte and other Comoran islands; Comoros being the poorest of the Indian Ocean nations.

According to Senator Debré, around euro 70 million are spent each year by France in Mayotte only to fight irregular immigration. On a comparative basis, France only spends euro 9.3 million on development aid for Comoros and only euro 300,000 for regional cooperation efforts, the same report says.

If these politics are continued as Mayotte becomes an integrated part of France, the historic split between Comoros and France will only deepen, French and Comoran politicians agree. And currently, no major policy shifts are planned for.

However, there are voices proposing a shift in policies that could rather lead to deepening French-Comoran ties and further regional cooperation efforts. French parliamentarians Daniel Goldberg, Loïc Bouvard and Bernard Lesterlin propose to change the balance of French funds going towards Comoros in a way that could reduce migration and therefore the costs of fighting it.

"We want to promote a shared regional economic development between the four islands [Mayotte and Comoros] as the only possibility of a harmonic balance in the archipelago," the three MPs said, adding that the "territorial logic" would force such a policy to be implemented.

They present concrete development proposals. These include direct air services between the triangle France, Comoros and Mayotte on equal terms - currently, only France-Mayotte routes are treated as domestic flights. "Similarly, a joint plan to develop tourism, especially eco-tourism around the marine park of Moheli and Mayotte, would enhance existing assets." Comoros is the least developed tourist destination in the region.

Further, the three MPs say, Comoros and Mayotte should be treated as one entity when it comes to food security policies and the management of agricultural resources. Regarding social issues, possibilities of a shared labour market should be considered. Finally, "access to water, health care, education and waste management should be the subject of extensive cooperation," they hold.

With such a plan, the "imbalances" in the Comoran archipelago would be addressed, removing root causes for both irregular immigration and territorial conflicts between France and Comoros, the three MPs hold. Regarding the current high costs to fight immigration, the concept would even be cost-effective.


- Create an e-mail alert for Réunion and Mayotte news
- Create an e-mail alert for Comoros news
- Create an e-mail alert for Politics news
- Create an e-mail alert for Society news


 
    Printable version


On the Afrol News front page now

Rwanda
Rwanda succeeds including citizens in formal financial sector

afrol News - It is called "financial inclusion", and it is a key government policy in Rwanda. The goal is that, by 2020, 90 percent of the population is to have and actively use bank accounts. And in only four years, financial inclusion has doubled in Rwanda.

Famine warning: "South Sudan is imploding"

afrol News - The UN's humanitarian agencies now warn about a devastating famine in Sudan and especially in South Sudan, where the situation is said to be "imploding". Relief officials are appealing to donors to urgently fund life-saving activities in the two countries.
Guinea
Panic in West Africa after Ebola outbreak in Guinea

afrol News - Fear is spreading all over West Africa after the health ministry in Guinea confirmed the first Ebola outbreak in this part of Africa. According to official numbers, at least 86 are infected and 59 are dead as a result of this very contagious disease.
Ethiopia
Ethiopia tightens its already strict anti-gay laws

afrol News - It is already a crime being homosexual in Ethiopia, but parliament is now making sure the anti-gay laws will be applied in practical life. No pardoning of gays will be allowed in future, but activist fear this only is a signal of further repression being prepared.
Ethiopia
Ethiopia plans Africa's biggest dam

afrol News / Africa Renewal - Ethiopia's ambitious plan to build a US$ 4.2 billion dam in the Benishangul-Gumuz region, 40 km from its border with Sudan, is expected to provide 6,000 megawatts of electricity, enough for its population plus some excess it can sell to neighbouring countries.



front page | news | countries | archive | currencies | news alerts login | about afrol News | contact | advertise | español 

©  afrol News. Reproducing or buying afrol News' articles.

   You can contact us at mail@afrol.com