See also:
» 24.03.2010 - Archbishop slams "horror" church response to AIDS
» 22.07.2009 - Fish killing fungus could spread to other part of Africa – FAO
» 30.04.2009 - SADC issues regional warning for travelers amidst swine flu outbreak
» 30.04.2009 - Climate change increases Zambia cholera numbers
» 16.10.2007 - Africa's ARV treatment fails
» 05.06.2006 - Circumcision popularity cuts through region
» 09.11.2005 - Regional AIDS policy meeting held in Lesotho
» 11.11.2003 - Conservative action on AIDS by Nigerian church

China wholesale online through

Houlihan's coupons

Finn autentiske matoppskrifter fra hele verden på
Gazpacho Børek Kartoffelsalat Taboulé Gulasj Albóndigas Cevapi Rougaille Japrak sarma Zwiebelbrot Klopse Giouvetsi Paella Pljeskavica Pica pau Pulpo a la gallega Flammkuchen Langosj Tapenade Chatsjapuri Pasulj Lassi Kartoffelpuffer Tortilla Raznjici Knödel Lentejas Bœuf bourguignon Korianderchutney Brenneslesuppe Proia Sæbsi kavurma Sardinske calamares

Autentiske matoppskrifter fra hele verden finner du på
Réunion Portugal Aserbajdsjan Serbia Tyskland Seychellene Bosnia Spania Libanon Belgia India Kroatia Hellas Italia Ungarn Komorene Georgia Mauritius Østerrike Romania Frankrike

Southern Africa

Southern African HIV infection affects all age groups

afrol News, 5 August - Although recent worldwide records show a significant decline in HIV infection, reports indicate that Southern Africa is by far the most affected region and across all age groups.

According to a new publication, HIV Prevalence Estimates from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), HIV tests among thousands of men and women provide a sobering look at the international epidemic.

The new report describes international burden of the epidemic with prevalence rates ranging from less than one percent in Asia and West Africa to almost 26 percent in tiny southern African Kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland.

"About one in four adults is infected in Lesotho and Swaziland and 18 percent in Zimbabwe," the report says.

It says however, less than one percent of the population is infected in three Asian countries with DHS-based HIV estimates-India, Cambodia, and Vietnam.

The report further explains that in India, less than one percent means that close to 2 million people aged between 15 and 49 are infected with HIV.

"In most African countries, women start having sexual intercourse younger than men, increasing their risk of contracting HIV earlier in life. In almost all countries HIV prevalence among women peaks between 25 and 34," it states.

Almost 50 percent of Swazi women aged between 25 and 29 are infected with HIV and about 35 percent of Zimbabwean women aged from 30 to 34, among men, however, infection rates peak at ages 35-39, the report says.

In Swaziland, where DHS tested older adults, it shows that 28 percent of men aged between 50 and 54 are HIV positive, as are 17 percent of men age 55-59 and 13 percent aged 60 and older.

DHS findings also show that HIV continues to be an urban epidemic, saying city dwellers are more likely to be infected in all but two of the 28 countries - the Dominican Republic and Senegal. In some countries urban-rural difference is striking, according to report, giving for example Central Africa Republic, where eight percent of urban residents are infected compared to five percent of rural residents.

Looking at other scenarios, DHS says when HIV status between marital partners is different, prevention is even more complex. According to the report, discordant couples, that is, one partner is positive and the other is negative, range from one percent in Niger and Mali, to 14.3 percent of couples in Lesotho and 16.4 percent in Swaziland.

DHS household surveys typically interview nationally representative samples of over 10,000 men and women age15-49. Along with the verbal interview, the survey can include blood tests for anemia, malaria, HIV, and other conditions.

MEASURE DHS is implemented by Macro International and funded by United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

- Create an e-mail alert for Southern Africa news
- Create an e-mail alert for Health news

    Printable version

On the Afrol News front page now

Rwanda succeeds including citizens in formal financial sector

afrol News - It is called "financial inclusion", and it is a key government policy in Rwanda. The goal is that, by 2020, 90 percent of the population is to have and actively use bank accounts. And in only four years, financial inclusion has doubled in Rwanda.

Famine warning: "South Sudan is imploding"

afrol News - The UN's humanitarian agencies now warn about a devastating famine in Sudan and especially in South Sudan, where the situation is said to be "imploding". Relief officials are appealing to donors to urgently fund life-saving activities in the two countries.
Panic in West Africa after Ebola outbreak in Guinea

afrol News - Fear is spreading all over West Africa after the health ministry in Guinea confirmed the first Ebola outbreak in this part of Africa. According to official numbers, at least 86 are infected and 59 are dead as a result of this very contagious disease.
Ethiopia tightens its already strict anti-gay laws

afrol News - It is already a crime being homosexual in Ethiopia, but parliament is now making sure the anti-gay laws will be applied in practical life. No pardoning of gays will be allowed in future, but activist fear this only is a signal of further repression being prepared.
Ethiopia plans Africa's biggest dam

afrol News / Africa Renewal - Ethiopia's ambitious plan to build a US$ 4.2 billion dam in the Benishangul-Gumuz region, 40 km from its border with Sudan, is expected to provide 6,000 megawatts of electricity, enough for its population plus some excess it can sell to neighbouring countries.

front page | news | countries | archive | currencies | news alerts login | about afrol News | contact | advertise | español 

©  afrol News. Reproducing or buying afrol News' articles.

   You can contact us at